Systemic erythematous lupus is an autoimmune disease in which the immune system becomes hyperactive and attacks normal, healthy tissue. The disease affects women more frequently – from 10 adults with a diagnosis of lupus, as many as nine are members of a more gentler sex.
For lupus, there is still no cure and it belongs to life-threatening diseases, but in the world, there are several therapies used to relieve the symptoms of the illness. An additional problem with lupus is that rarely a patient and even a doctor will immediately suspect lupus. The symptoms of this disease vary, there are plenty of them, and these are some of the clearest:
Rip on the face in the form of a butterfly
A characteristic rash that extends over the nose and the area under the eyes, so that it forms the shape of a butterfly. However, it can also occur in other parts of the body. Lupus can also cause damage to scalp and hair loss.
Pain in the joints
This symptom affects up to 70% of lupus patients and appears among the first signs. However, you should know how to distinguish the pain caused by lupus from the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis – in arthritis, pain in the hands and sores is the same on both sides of the body, while in lupus it can vary. Lupus rarely causes pain in the hips, back, and neck.
It is one of the most common complications of lupus. In this case, antibodies attack the kidneys, and it is so severe that sometimes dialysis or even transplantation is needed, in a very short time.
The impact on the brain is much lower, but it happens. Some people have attacks, headaches, become confused, and there are less specific neurological symptoms, which can cause the disease to remain unheated for a long time. The most dangerous cases are those when lupus hits the central nervous system.
Some other symptoms are: kidney problems (in most cases), anemia, high temperature, inexplicable weight loss